Industries cannot operate in a vacuum. They need skilled manpower, a friendly government with policy incentives, road connectivity and above all an eco-system that boosts the investor's confidence.
Madhya Pradesh has welcomed investors and top corporates with a slew of policy incentives, subsidies and speedy, simplified clearance system.
However, there are pockets of remote areas where Naxal menace and poor accessibility due to forests have made economic growth a distant for local tribes.
While the extension and widening of road network has been a continuousprocess, related social amenities like housing, education, health and community centres are found wanting in many of the villages of Madhya Pradesh.
|Road type Length (in km)|
|National Highways - 5,184 km|
|State Highways - 10,429|
|Major District Roads - 19,241|
Bus and train services cover most of Madhya Pradesh.
The 99,043 km long road network of the state includes 20 national highways.
A 4,948 km-long rail network criss-crosses the state, with Jabalpur serving as headquarters for the West Central Railway Zone of the Indian Railways.
The Central Railway and the Western Railway also cover parts of the state.
Most of the western Madhya Pradesh comes under Ratlam rail division of Western Railways.
Cities like Indore, Ujjain, Mandsaur, Khandwa, Neemuch and Bairagarh in Bhopal comes under Ratlam division.
The state has a total of 20 major railway junctions. The major inter-state bus terminals are located in Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior and Jabalpur.
More than 2,000 buses run daily services between these four cities of MP.
The intra-city transit systems mostly consist of buses, private autos and taxis.
The state does not have a coastline. Most of the sea trade happens through the Kandla and Jawaharlal Nehru Port (Nhava Sheva) in the neighbouring states, which are well-connected to MP by road and rail networks.
The Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport at Indore is the busiest airport in Madhya Pradesh.
Raja Bhoj Airport in Bhopal, Jabalpur Airport, Gwalior Airport and Khajuraho Airport also have scheduled commercial passenger services.
Besides these, minor airstrips are located at Ratlam, Ujjain, Khandwa, Rewa and Satna.
The state has 50 district hospitals, 333 community health centres, 1,155 primary health centres and 8,860 sub-centres.
The urban infrastructure has improved considerably in the past decade.
At present, 22 projects costing above $500 million have been sanctioned under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission for the development of Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur and Ujjain.
|Power generation in MP (November 2014)|
|Power type Capacity (MW)|
|Hydro - 3,223.7|
|Thermal - 9,876.07|
|Nuclear - 273.2|
|Renewable - 886.63|
The state has a total installed power generation capacity of 14259.60 MW (March 2011), most of which is under the control of the state and the central governments.
For a balanced and sustainable growth of the industry across the state, MP government has set up seven regional infrastructure development corporations.
They are located in Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Indore, Rewa, Ujjain and Sagar.
The regional corporations fall under Madhya Pradesh Audyogik Kendra Vikas Nigam (AKVN).
Land, being an important infrastructure for the investors, is available on competitive cost through these AKVNs in 44 notified areas.
Major land parcels are available around Indore, Bhopal, Ujjain, Jabalpur and Gwalior for investors to explore.
About 20,000 hectares of land is available for industrial developmentfor the investors interested in booking them.
The state plans to develop about 30 new industrial areas in the 12th Five-Year Plan (2012-17).
About 7,700 hectares have been planned with an investment of Rs 302.2 billion.
Further, Madhya Pradesh is also upgrading 13 existing industrial areas spread across 7,556 hectares with an investment of Rs 4,810 million.
Of this, work in on in 10 industrial areas with an investment of Rs 4,259 million.
About 1,200 hectares of land development in the 16 new industrial areas with an investment of Rs 4,985 million is going on in Bhopal, Indore, Ujjain, Gwalior and Jabalpur regions.
With the focus to strengthen the exports from the state a multi-product SEZ has been set up at Indore.
It is spread over an area of 1,113 hectares and includes Crystal IT Park at Indore with plug and play IT infrastructure on 55,600 sq. metres.
In the last seven years, around Rs 96 billion worth of products have been exported from the SEZ.
Currently, 160 hectares of developed land is available in the processing area of the SEZ for investors and about 25,600 sq.metres is available for allotment to IT and ITeS industries at the Crystal IT Park SEZ.
The DMIC is a mega infra-structure project of Rs 5,400 billion with the financial and technical aid from Japan.
Four investment nodes have been identified in MP.
They are a) Pithampur-Dhar-Mhow b) Ratlam- Nagda c) Shajapur-Dewas and d) Neemach-Nayagaon.
The early bird projects are as follows: