In the 2014 Lok Sabha polls, election, UDF candidate of Mavelikara parliamentary constituency Kodikunnil Suresh of the Congress had secured a lead of 6,467 votes over his nearest LDF rival Chengara Surendran of the CPI in the Mavelikara Assembly segment. While the CPIM, a constituent of the Left Democratic Front (LDF) has once again nominated its sitting MLA R Rajesh to contest the Mavelikkara seat in 2016 elections, Baiju Kalasala is the United Democratic Front (UDF) nominee. BDJS, an alliance partner of the BJP, has strong presence in the constituency.
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R Rajesh of the CPIM is the sitting MLA of Mavelikkara assembly seat which he won in 2011 by defeating his nearest rival K. Shaju of JPSS, a constituent of the UDF then, by a margin of 5149 votes. In that election to the seat in that year, while 65903 votes were polled by R Rajesh, the JPSS nominee secured 60754 votes. S. Girija of the BJP was relegated to the third place with just 4984 votes.
Earlier, M. Murali of the Congress had represented the seat from 1991 to 2011.
Mavelikkara is one of the seven assembly segments that combine to create the Lok Sabha constituency of the same name. Kuttanad Changanassery, Chengannur, Kunnathur, Kottarakkara and Pathanapuram are the other six assembly constituency located within the Mavelikkara parliamentary constituency.
Reserved for the candidates belong to the scheduled castes, Mavelikkara assembly constituency is constituted by the areas covered by the Mavelikkara Municipality as well as the gram panchayats of Mavelikkara–Thekkekara, Chunakkara, MavelikkaraThamarakkulam, Palamel, Nooranad, Thazhakara and Vallikunnam Panchayats located in the Mavelikkara Taluk.
Like most of the assembly constituencies in Kerala, in Mavelikkara assembly constituency too, female voters outnumber the male voters. Of the total electors of 191887, 88255 are men and 103632 are women.