Chadayamangalam retains the legacy of having elected Communist Party of India (CPI) candidates since 1970 except in 2001, when Prayar Gopalakrishnan of the Congress won the election. All the eight grama panchayats of the constituency were won by LDF in 2015 local bodies elections. In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, LDF candidate M.A. Baby had secured a lead of 6,806 votes over his UDF rival N.K. Premechandran in the Chadayamangalam segment. The sitting CPI legislator Mullakkara Ratnakaran is once again in the fray as a candidate of the LDF.
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Mullakkara Ratnakaran is the sitting CPI MLA of Chadayamangalam which he won in 2011 by defeating his nearest Congress rival Shahida Kamal by a handsome margin of 23624 votes. While 71231 votes were polled in favour of Mullakkara Ratnakaran, the Congress nominee received 47607 votes and was followed by BJP’s T.C.Saju Kumar who secured just 4160 votes.
Veteran CPI leader E. Chandrashekaran Nair had won the seat in 1977 and 1980. Other prominent CPI leaders who were elected from the seat are Veliyam Bhargavan, K.R. Chandramohan, M.N. Govindan Nair and R. Lathadevi.
Apart from the three district panchayat divisions, the eight gram panchayats of Alayaman, Chadayamangalam, Chidara, Elamad, Kadakkal, Ittva, Nilamel and Velinelloor form the Chadayamangalam assembly constituency.
Chadayamangalam is one of the seven assembly segments falling under the Kollam Lok Sabha constituency. Chavara, Punalur, Kundara, Kollam, Eravipuram and Chathannoor are the other six constituencies with the Kollam parliamentary constituency.
In the Chadayamangalam assembly constituency, female voters outnumber the males. In 2011 election to the seat, the constituency has a total electorate of 177610. Out of the total electors, 95225 are female voters and 82385 are males.