The Indian Railways has been divided based on the functional groups of Indian Railway Service. In a way reluctant to alter the management set up and its hierarchy, the IR has at the top the Railway Board, also called as Railway Ministry.
A chairman heads the six-member Railway Board which reports to the Union Minister. Also, the general managers of all the 18 zones and the production units report to the board.
There are 67 divisions at the IR each managed by a divisional railway manager (DRM) at each level. Set up to oversee the running time of trains, these divisions may also have loco sheds for repairs, coaching depots (home bases for passenger trains) and wagon depots (for repair and maintenance of freight stock).
Each division has all the functional (both line and staff) elements. While DRM is sought for issues related to administration, for broader policy guidelines the heads of these functional groups depend on inputs from the Railway Board and the zonal headquarters.
The entire rolling stock and high precision components are manufactured at the IR's six production units which are managed directly by the Railway Board.
Some of the popular stock builders are CLW and DLW (electric, diesel locomotives), ICF and RCF for passenger coaches. The IR has not only achieved self-sufficiency in the production of rolling stocks but has been exporting the same to other countries. The GM of a production unit reports directly to the Railway Board.
There are at present 18 zones of the Indian Railways:
|2.||North Eastern Railway||NER||Gorakhpur|
|3.||Northeast Frontier Railway||NFR||Guwahati|
|5.||South Eastern Railway||SER||Kolkata|
|6.||South Central Railway||SCR||Secunderabad|
|10.||South Western Railway||SWR||Hubli|
|11.||North Western Railway||NWR||Jaipur|
|12.||West Central Railway||WCR||Jabalpur|
|13.||North Central Railway||NCR||Allahabad|
|14.||South East Central Railway||SECR||Bilaspur, CG|
|15.||East Coast Railway||ECoR||Bhubaneswar|
|16.||East Central Railway||ECR||Hajipur|
Some organisations under the control of the Railway Board take care of the electrification, modernisation, research and design and training of officers. They are each head by a GM.
A number of PSUs, which perform railway-related functions ranging from consultancy to ticketing, are also under the administrative control of the Railway Board. These 14 PSUs are: