Hyderabad is located in the center of Andhra Pradesh, in the region of Telangana.
The city population is estimated at over 3.69 million (2001) while the population of the greater metropolitan area is estimated at over 6.39 million. Hyderabad has a large Muslim population. Languages spoken include Urdu, Telugu, and Hindi, with a significant amount of English used in business. People from many other parts of India have adopted Hyderabad as their hometown.
The city is administered by a municipal corporation (Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad (MCH)), whose titular head is the Mayor who has few executive powers. The real executive power of the corporation is vested in the Municipal Commissioner, an IAS officer appointed by the state government. The MCH is in charge of the civic needs and infrastructure of the metropolis. Hyderabad is divided into hundred municipal wards, each overseen by a corporator. The corporators of the administration are voted through a popular vote and almost all the state political parties field their candidates.
The metropolis is composed of one district in Andhra Pradesh, it comes under the jurisprudence of the District Collector. The collectors are in charge of property records and revenue collection for the Central government. They also oversee the national elections held in the city.
Like other metropolises in India, the Hyderabad Police is headed by a Police Commissioner, an IPS officer. The Hyderabad Police comes under the state Home Ministry. Hyderabad is divided into five police zones each headed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police. The Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Hyderabad Police. Hyderabad is the seat of the Andhra Pradesh High Court, which has under its jurisdiction the state of Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad also has two lower courts, the Small Causes Court, for civil matters, and the Sessions Court for criminal cases.
Hyderabad contributes two seats to the Lok Sabha (India's Lower House of Parliament) and thirteen seats to the Andhra Pradesh state assembly.